Impacted teeth are teeth that have been left under the gum or bone that have not been able to erupt when they should have been. Especially wisdom teeth are in this group.
Diagnosis & Application
. Teeth that have not been replaced in normal occlusion even though the age of eruption has been completed, and the teeth that remain in the bone and soft tissue are impacted teeth, and the formation of them may also change according to the reasons such as the genetic characteristics of the individuals, eating habits, the participation of the teeth in function, racial changes. Generally, this situation is encountered between the ages of 20-23 in men and 21-22 in women. The impacted teeth must be extracted immediately to prevent damage to the jaw and other dental structures.
How to extract Impacted Teeth?
Before your impacted tooth extraction, your dentist will check your jaw and tooth structure and you will be informed about the surgery to be performed. After taking the medications you need to take before the impacted tooth surgery, the procedure of cutting the gum and removing the tooth under it and putting stitches in is applied.
The area of the impacted tooth is numbed with local anesthesia and it is extracted by cutting the gum. The area is cleaned, the operation area is protected by stitching and the process is ended.
Advantages of Extracting Impacted Teeth
While impacted tooth extraction is a necessary operation for the person’s mouth, jaw and dental health, it is ignored by most patients because its severity is not understood.
It prevents the formation of dental caries.
It helps to align the teeth in a healthy way.
It eliminates pressure pain caused by space shortage.
It prevents the formation of cysts and tumors.
It supports orthodontic treatments.
It eliminates bad breath and provides easier cleaning of the teeth.
It prevents pathological jaw fractures.
Situations that impacted tooth extraction is not appropriate:
Impacteded wisdom tooth extraction cannot be applied to every patient. These are:
High risk of damage to neighboring teeth or structures (nerve, vein, etc.)
Situations in which the tooth will be used in making prosthesis.
Conditions in which the general health of the patient is not appropriate.
In elderly patients, the impacted teeth do not have any pathological symptoms as clinically and radiographically.
What are the complications that can occur after a impacted tooth surgery?
Complications may occur after the surgery for reasons that are either on the patient’s hand or not. These include pain, swelling, and restrictions in opening the mouth. Edema can occur on the person’s cheek when impacteded teeth are extracted, but this varies from person to person. Cold buffer (ice compress) should be applied to the cheek area for the first 24 hours to prevent swelling. After the impacted tooth surgery, there is not much pain as a result of fast and adequate surgical intervention and the resulting pain is easily controlled with painkillers.
How long does the impacted tooth extraction take?
The impacted tooth extraction takes a few minutes as it is a minor operation. After the operation, depending on the body structure, 4-5 hours of numbness and slight bleeding may continue.
How should oral care and nutrition be after the impacted tooth surgery?
Spitting, brushing, severe shaking, using a pipette or mouthwash should be avoided on the first day after the surgery. In the first two days, warm, non-granulated and soft foods should be consumed. After food consumption and tooth brushing, mouthwashes recommended by the doctor should be used. The first 48 hours, the patient should not smoke.