Temporomandibular Joint Disease

A healthy individual uses the jaw joint about 2 thousand times a day. Because it is one of the most used joints in the body, it can also easily develop joint-related disorders.

Diagnosis & Application

Although diagnosis of joint diseases is often made by examination, scanning techniques such as X-rays and MRI are also very important for correct diagnosis.

Joint problems can take many forms, from various muscle aches to the patient’s inability to open his mouth. The most noticeable complaints are sounds from the joint during movement, sliding movements of the lower jaw during speech, ringing in the ears.

Since the human body is a whole and the jaw joint is also part of it, the cause of joint disorders may not be just around the mouth and teeth. These can be among the reasons.

Ø Clenching of the teeth, grinding

Ø Posture disorders affecting the spine

Ø Orthodontic or skeletal anomalies

Ø Different chewing and eating habits

Ø Psychiatric and mood changes

Ø Treatment-induced or other traumas

Ø Habits such as nail biting, mouth breathing, pipe use

Ø Certain diseases

The most important thing is to make the correct diagnosis, although there are several treatment options for this problem with a wide scale of factors. For this purpose, a multidisciplinary team of experts in their field, who have mastered the mechanical and physical properties of joints and biological structures, should work together and in a coordinated manner. The fact that the patient is correctly informed by his / her doctor during the treatment process and to do what he / she has to do increases the success of the treatment. The treatment methods preferred include physical therapy, medication, intra-articular injections, psychiatric support, joint splint and warming plates, prosthetic rehabilitations, botox applications. According to the type and severity of the disease, the quality of life is improved by creating a personalized treatment plan.

 

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